Differences in birth outcomes across ethnic groups according to mother's country of birth
The rates of infant and neonatal mortality, preterm birth, and low birthweight are known to be higher among infants with a minority ethnic heritage in the UK.
The risks of neonatal death (within the first month of life), infant death (within the first year of life), preterm birth (before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy), and average birthweights of infants, were then calculated within the ethnic categories used in the 2001 Census in England and Wales, and further within groups defined by whether the infants' mothers were born in the UK or in their countries or regions of ethnic origin, or elsewhere.
The study found evidence of better birth outcomes among minority ethnic infants of non-UK-born mothers compared to infants of UK-born mothers of the same ethnic groups.
Read more about the study, which is published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.